Decision details

Proposed Article 4 Directions: Planning “Change of Use from” C3 (dwelling houses) to C4 (houses in multiple occupation)

Decision Maker: Head of Economy and Planning

Decision status: Recommendations Approved

Is Key decision?: No

Is subject to call in?: No


On 3 February 2021 the Cabinet of Crawley Borough Council approved the making of 10 Directions under Article 4(1) of the Town and Country (General Permitted Development) Order 2015 (as amended). Detail of this decision is provided in Report PES/366.

Following a 12 month notification period and having considered all representations made during consultation, it has been determined that the Article 4 Directions will come into force on 15 June 2022 in ten residential zones falling within the following areas:
- Weald Drive, Furnace Green
- Victoria Mews, West Green
- Caburn Heights, Southgate
- Aintree Road & Epsom Road, Furnace Green
- Ardingly Close, Ifield
- Farmleigh Close, Pound Hill
- Beverley Mews, Three Bridges
- Ringwood Close, Furnace Green
- Rillside & Winterfold, Furnace Green
- Arden Road, Furnace Green

Maps showing the extent of each zone can be viewed here.

The Directions relate to the permitted development right for the change of use of buildings from dwelling houses (Class C3) to houses of multiple occupation with up to 6 residents (Class C4) without the need for planning permission.

With the Article 4 Directions now in force within the ten zones identified above, the permitted development rights referred to above are removed. This means that within these areas planning permission will be required where a change of use is proposed from dwelling houses (Class C3) to houses of multiple occupation with up to 6 residents (Class C4). Changes of use which pre-date the coming into effect of the Direction are not affected.


Alternative options considered:

The decision is a matter of whether or not to confirm the making of the above Article 4 Directions. The Directions have been made in order to limit the development of clusters of houses of multiple occupation (HMOs) within the zones concerned, where some houses of multiple occupation are already present, and where the predominant types of housing are particularly favoured for such conversions. The aim of limiting concentrations of HMOs in particular locations is consistent with the overall role of the planning system in promoting strong, balanced communities. Where HMOs form clusters within a wider residential area this has the potential to cause negative impacts for existing residents because of cumulative impacts on the character of an area and the amenity of neighbouring properties, and greater pressure on space for parking and servicing.

Having considered all representations received during the consultation period, the Head of Economy and Planning in liaison with the Cabinet Member for Planning and Economic Development, is of the view that the Article 4 Directions are justified by robust evidence and are required to protect the local amenity of the areas concerned.

Publication date: 15/06/2022

Date of decision: 15/06/2022